2. 2. "THE GOD OF JACOB"
Michael appears to be the Angel specifically looking after Israel (Dan.
12:1), and it would appear that He is the same Angel that appeared to
the patriarchs in making the promises (see 'Angels and Israel' later).
In Chapter 10 we will see how the patriarchs conceived of God in terms
of an Angel, and thus the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob was understood
by them in terms of an Angel. This is made specific in Gen. 48:15,16,
where Jacob says : "God, before whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac did
walk, the God which fed me all my life long unto this day, the Angel which
redeemed me from all evil. . . ". This Angel earlier told Jacob that He
was "the God of Bethel"" (Gen. 31:11,13), where "Jacob vowed a vow saying,
If God will be with me, and will keep me in this way that I go. . . "
(28:20). Thus to him 'God' was the Angel. Other references lend support:
- "The Angel of the Lord appeared unto (Moses) in a flame of fire out
of the midst of a bush. . . He said, I am the God of. . Abraham, the
God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. . . I have surely seen the affliction
of My people (the Angels are the eyes of the Lord). . . and I am come
down to deliver them. . to bring them up out of that land unto a good
land (this was all done by the Angel which led Israel through the wilderness).
. . the cry of the children of Israel is come unto Me (language of limitation).
. . ye shall say unto (Pharaoh), The Lord, God of the Hebrews, hath
met with us (Ex. 3:2,6,7,8,9,18). The Angel stresses at least three
times in the chapter that He is the God of the patriarchs. Notice too
how He also calls Himself the "God of the Hebrews"- i. e. the God of
Israel. If "the God of Jacob" has reference to Angels, should
not also "the God of Israel"? Frequently the phrase "the Lord of Hosts,
the God of Israel" is found in the prophets; and we have seen that "the
Lord of Hosts" is invariably an Angelic title.
- Ps. 76 describes the God of Jacob as dwelling in Zion (v. 2)- where
the Angel lived (see Chapter 10). "At Thy rebuke. . . both the chariot
and horse are cast into a dead sleep" (v. 6)- the language of Ex. 15:1
concerning the Angelic destruction of Pharaoh at the Red Sea (the "Lord"
in the pillar of fire and cloud which caused their destruction was the
Angel which travelled in the same pillar and talked to Moses- Ex. 14:24
- Ps. 81 has much Angelic language. "A law of the God of Jacob" (v.
4) refers to the Angels who gave the law. "I am the Lord thy God which
brought thee out of the land of Egypt" (v. 10)- Angelic work. The same
kind of links are found in Ps. 114 between the wilderness Angel and
the "God of Jacob"-"When Israel went out of Egypt. . . the (Red) Sea.
. . fled. . . at the presence of the God of Jacob; which turned the
rock into a standing water" (the work of the Angel standing on the rock
- "The mighty God of Jacob" dwelt in the ark (Ps. 132:2,5); this was
an Angel (See Chapter 10), and cp. also Acts 7:46.
- "The God of Hosts (Angels) is with us; the God of Jacob is our refuge,
Ps. 46:7,11 emphasizes. Note too the reference in v. 4 to "the tabernacles
of the most high"- another Angelic phrase.
- “The God of Jacob” gave a law, and he also “went out over the land
of Egypt” (Ps. 81:4,5 RV)- all references to the work of the Angel on
Sinai and at the Exodus.
- Jacob was renamed Israel. The elders saw “the God of Israel”, or
Jacob- i.e. they saw an Angel (Ex. 24:10).
2. 3 "THE MOST HIGH"
If this phrase means 'the highest of the high ones'- as it
may possibly- it would refer to one special Angel who is above the other
'high ones', or perhaps to God working through His Angelic 'high ones'.
“The seven Spirits of God sent forth into all the earth” (Rev. 5:6) may
refer to these same “high ones”. There are several indicators towards
“the Most High” definitely being Angelic:
- Ps. 78 is about the experience of the Angel which led Israel through
the wilderness. "He led them . . He cast out the heathen. . yet they
tempted and provoked the Most High God, and kept not His testimonies"
(v. 53-56). The Angel who led Israel and gave them the Law is here called
"the Most High".
- "Melchizedek. . was the priest of the Most High God" (Gen. 14:18).
It seems that worship in patriarchal times was by coming before an Angel
on earth, as Abraham did. The early chapters of Job show a similar scenario
(1). Melchizedek would therefore
have been a priest on behalf of an Angel, or "the Most High God". Melchizedek's
words give further support: "And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be
Abram of the most high God, possessor of Heaven and earth: and blessed
be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand"
(Gen. 14:19,20). These words indicate a primary fulfilment
of the promises to bless
Abraham (Gen. 12:2) with seed like the stars of Heaven and dust of the
earth ("Possessor of Heaven and earth") and victory over his enemies
(Gen. 22:17). These promises were given to Abraham by an Angel, and
are attributed by Melchizedek to "the most high God"- thus equating
this title with an Angel.
- Balaam attributed the revelations he received in dreams to the most
high: "He hath said, which heard the words of God, and knew the knowledge
of the most high, which saw the vision of the Almighty" (Num. 24:16).
In Chapter 8 it is shown that the revelation of the word of God, especially
in the form of dreams, was often executed by an Angel.
- "The Most High divided to the nations their inheritance when He separated
the sons of Adam" (Dt. 32:8) at Babel- which was probably the result
of Angelic work ,seeing that the phrase "come down" refers to Angelic
manifestation, and there is much language of limitation in the record.
- 2 Sam. 22:7-16 associates "the Most high" with other Angelic language:
- "fire out of His mouth"- God makes His Angels "a flame of fire"
- "He. . . came down"- the physical movement of the Angel in manifesting
God (see Chapter 6 )
- "He rode upon a cherub"- the Angels are linked with the cherubim
- "He. . did fly"- Gabriel "being caused to fly swiftly" (Dan. 9:21)
- "thick clouds. . . round about Him. . arrows. . lightnings"- cp.
the Angel-cherubim visions
- "the channels of the sea appeared, the foundations of the world
were discovered, at the rebuking of the Lord"- alluding to the Angel's
work at the Red Sea
- "He did hear My voice out of His temple"- the Angel dwelt physically
in the temple
- "My cry did enter into His ears"- language of Angelic limitation,
seeing all things are immediately known to God.
- Ps. 46 appears to be primarily about the Angelic deliverance of Hezekiah
from the Assyrian invasion:
- v. 5 "God is in the midst of her (Jerusalem)"- the Angel dwelling
in the temple
- v. 4 "the city of God, the holy place of the tabernacle of the
Most High"- the Angel dwelling in the most holy place
- v. 7,11 "The Lord of Hosts (of Angels) is with us; the God of
Jacob (an Angel) is our refuge".
Thus "the Most High" is again associated with Angelic language.