40:1 "Comfort ye, Comfort ye"- Nehemiah= 'Comfort
of Yah'. Is. 40 has many links with Zech. 3, which is a prophecy
of the restoration.
40:29 "He giveth power to the faint"- very relevant to the great
physical effort that had to be made by the handfull who first
set about the rebuilding.
41:6,7 "They helped every one his neighbour; and every one said
to his brother, Be of good courage. So the carpenter encouraged
the goldsmith. . . ". This refers to the different types of people
working together to build Jerusalem. Where exactly does this fit
in to the Hezekiah context?
41:11,12 "All they that were incensed against thee shall be ashamed
and confounded: and they that strive with thee shall perish. .
. they that war against thee shall be as nothing". The Samaritans
provide a clear fulfilment of all this.
41:14 "Fear not. . . ye few men of Israel; I will help thee,
saith. . the Holy One of Israel" (AVmg. ). The few Jews rebuilding
Jerusalem aided by the Angel surely correspond to this.
43:12 "Thou wilt not call upon me, O Jacob; thou wilt be weary
of me. Thou hast not brought me the small cattle of thy burnt
offerings"- the same ideas are repeated in Mal. 1:13; 2:17
regarding Israel's state
after the restoration.
43:28 "I have profaned the princes of the sanctuary"- put forth
"as polluted from the priesthood" (Ezra 2:62).
44:26 "That confirmeth the word of His servant (Jeremiah). .
. that saith to Jerusalem, Thou shalt be inhabited".
44:28 "Cyrus. . . shall perform all My pleasure: even saying
to Jerusalem, thou shalt be built".
45:18 "The Lord that created the Heavens; God Himself that formed
the earth. . . He created it not in vain, He formed it to be inhabited".
If "the earth" is 'the land' of Israel and "the Heavens" refer
to the temple (see 1 Kings 8:30; 2 Chron. 30:27; Ps. 20:2,6; 11:4;
Heb. 7:26; 2 Sam. 15:15 etc. ) then God is saying that if the
temple and land remained uninhabited, His creation of them would
be in vain- hence His plan of restoration. The references in Isaiah's
prophecies of the restoration to God being the creator of Heaven
and earth would therefore be reminders that it was equally in
His power to create the new Heavens and earth of the people of
46:10 "Declaring the end from the beginning". The emphasis on
this (e. g. 41:26) is understandable seeing that such a specific
prophecy regarding the 70 years captivity was to be given and
49:4 "My reward is with my God"- cp. "Remember me, O my God,
for good" (Neh. 13:31; "my God" is a common theme in Ezra and
49:16 "Thy (broken down) walls are continually before me".
50:10 "Who is among you that feareth the Lord. . his God?" cp.
51:7 "Fear ye not the reproach of men, neither be ye afraid of
their revilings"- the Samaritans.
52:12 "Ye shall not go out (from Babylon) with haste, nor
go by flight: for the Lord (Angel) will go before you", so that
they went with the King's blessing and not in panic.
54:5 "The Holy One of Israel; the God of the whole earth"- a
phrase used in Zechariah regarding the Angel co-ordinating the
54:7,6 "For a small moment (70 years) have I forsaken thee. .
. as a woman forsaken. . . and a wife. . . refused"- cp. our comments
showing that it was the Angel who married Israel, becoming 'The
God of Israel', and then forsook her.
56:2,5 "Blessed is the man. . . that keepeth the Sabbath from
polluting it. . . unto them will I give in Mine house and within
My (rebuilt) walls a place. . ". There was a problem with Sabbath
abuse during the restoration.
57:19 "Peace to him that is far off (in Babylon), and to him
that is near" (in the land).
58:12 "Build the old waste places. . raise up the foundations.
. . and thou shalt be called, The repairer of the breach, The
restorer of paths to dwell in" (and 58:13=Neh. 13:22).
64:10,11 "Jerusalem a desolation. . . our beautiful house. .
is burned up with fire".
66:1 "Where is the house that ye build unto me?. . . to this
man will I look. . . that. . trembleth at My word"- as a few did
at the restoration (Ezra 9:4; 10:3), although the majority were
more concerned with the physical work of the temple than truly
responding in the right spirit to God's word. Similarities with