We are clearly bidden see the man Jesus as the focus of everything. Think
about how Mark speaks of Jesus " sitting in the sea" teaching
the people on the shore (Mk. 4:1). All else was irrelevant- even the boat
He was in. The focus is so zoomed in on the person of Jesus. And Paul
in his more 'academic' approach sees Jesus as the very core of the
whole cosmos, the reason for everything in the whole of existence. God's
whole purpose, according to Paul, is that we should become like His Son-and
to this end all things are directed in God's plan for us (Rom. 8:28,29).
To achieve the " measure of the stature of the fullness of Christ"
is the 'perfection' or maturity towards which God works in our lives.
As we read of Him day by day, slowly His words and ways will become ours.
The men who lived with Jesus in the flesh are our pattern in this; for
the wonder of the inspired record means that His realness comes through
to us too. Time and again, their spoken and written words are reflective
of His words, both consciously and unconsciously. Note how John repeats
his Lord’s use of the term “little children”; and how He appropriates
the Lord’s phrase “that your joy may be complete” (Jn. 16:24; 17:13) to
the way he spoke (1 Jn. 1:4). These are just a tiny fraction
of the examples possible. We are to speak, think and feel as He did; to
be as He was and is; to be brethren in Him.
The extent to which we are intended to be Christ-centred is reflected
in how John speaks of Him as “the truth”. Indeed, He appears to
refer to the Name of Jesus with the same sensitivity with which
a Jew would refer to the Name of God. John seems to use aletheia,
‘the truth’, as a kind of periphrasis for “Jesus”; en aletheia,
in the truth, appears to match Paul’s en kyrio [‘in the
Lord’] or en christo [‘in Christ’]. John refers to missionaries
being sent out “for the sake of the name”, when the other records
say that they were sent out in the name of Jesus. The exalted Name
of Jesus was therefore, to John, ‘the truth’; the person of Jesus,
which the Name encapsulates, is to be the deciding, central truth
in the life of the believer. Note too how John speaks of Jesus as
“that one” in the Greek text of 1 Jn. 2:6; 3:5,7,16; 4:17. I.H.
Marshall comments: “Christians were so used to talking about Jesus
that ‘that One’ was a self-evident term” (1).
Too often I hear fellow believers talking about their faith in terms
of “I believe that… I do not believe that…”.
Maybe I’m being hypercritical, but surely it ought to be a
case of believing in the things of the personal Jesus,
rather than ‘believing that…’. For example.
I believe in Jesus returning to the earth, rather than
‘I believe that Jesus will return’. It’s so absolutely
vital to see and believe in the Lord Jesus as a person, rather than
merely a set of doctrine / teaching about Him.
In the first century, you usually began a letter with a preface,
saying who you were and to whom you were writing. The letter to
the Hebrews has a preface which speaks simply of the greatness of
Christ (Heb. 1:1-3). The higher critics speak of how the preface
has been lost or got detached. But no, the form of Heb. 1:1-3 is
indeed that of a preface. The point is that the greatness of Christ,
of which the letter speaks, is so great as to push both the author
and audience into irrelevancy and obscurity. It’s significant
that the New Testament writers speak so frequently of Jesus as simply
“the Lord”. Apparently, this would’ve been strange
to first century ears. Kings and pagan gods always had their personal
name added to the title ‘the Lord’- e.g. ‘the
Lord Sarapis’. To just speak of “the Lord” was
unheard of. The way the New Testament speaks like this indicates
the utter primacy of the Lord Jesus in the minds of believers, and
the familiarity they had with speaking about Him in such exalted
Reading Luke and Acts through together, it becomes apparent that the
author [Luke] saw the acts of the apostles as a continuation of those
of the Lord Jesus. This is why he begins Acts by talking about his "
former treatise" of all that Jesus had begun to do, implying
that He had continued His doings through the doings of the apostles (cp.
Heb. 2:3, Jesus " began" to speak the Gospel and we continue
His work). The Acts record repeatedly describes the converts as "
the multitude of the disciples" (2:6; 4:32; 5:14,16; 6:2,5; 12:1,4;
15:12,30; 17:4; 19:9; 21:22), using the same word to describe the "
multitude of the disciples" who followed the Lord during His ministry
(Lk. 5:6; 19:37). There is no doubt that Luke intends us to see all converts
as essentially continuing the witness of those men who walked around Palestine
with the Lord between AD30 and AD33, stumbling and struggling through
all their misunderstandings and pettiness, the ease with which they were
distracted from the essential…to be workers together with Him. Luke describes
the Lord and His followers as 'passing through' and teaching as He went
(Lk. 2:15; 4:30; 5:15; 8:22; 9:6; 11:24; 17:11; 19:1,4); and employs the
same word to describe the preaching of the apostles in Acts (8:4,40; 9:32,38;
10:38; 11:19,22; 12:10; 13:6,14; 14:24; 15:3,41; 16:6; 17:23; 18:23,27;
19:1,21; 20:2,25). He uses the same word translated 'preach' in both Luke
and the Acts [although the other Gospels use it only once]. In Luke we
find the word in 1:19; 2:10; 3:18; 4:18,43; 7:22; 8:1; 9:6; 16:16; 20:1;
and in Acts, in 5:42; 8:4,12,25,35,40; 10:36; 11:20; 13:32; 14:7,15,21;
15:35; 16:10; 17:18. Luke clearly saw the early ecclesia as preaching
the same message as Jesus and the apostles; they continued what was essentially
a shared witness. This means that we too are to see in the Lord and the
12 as they walked around Galilee the basis for our witness; we are continuing
their work, with just the same message and range of responses to it. Lk.
24:47 concludes the Gospel with the command to go and preach remission
of sins, continuing the work of the Lord Himself, who began His ministry
with the proclamation of remission (Lk. 4:18 cp. 1:77). Acts stresses
that the believers did just this; they preached remission of sins [s.w.]
in Jesus' Name, whose representatives they were: Acts 2:38; 5:31; 10:43;
13:38; 26:18. There is no doubt that we are called to witness (Acts 1:8,22;
22:15). But a witness, legally, isn't allowed to repeat what they have
been told; rather must they testify firsthand to what they themselves
have seen or experienced. Quite simply, we cannot witness for a Lord of
whom we have only heard from others; we can only bear true witness of
a Jesus whom we personally know. There is a crucial difference between
knowing about a person, and knowing a person. And it is this difference,
it seems to me, that we need to seriously reflect upon.
Luke describes the " amazement" at the preaching and person
of Jesus (Lk. 2:47,48; 4:36; 5:26; 8:56; 24:22), and then uses the
same word to describe the " amazement" at the apostles
(Acts 2:7,12; 8:13; 9:21; 10:45; 12:16). This is why the early brethren
appropriated prophecies of Jesus personally to themselves as they
witnessed to Him (Acts 4:24-30; 13:5,40). The same Greek words are
also used in Luke and Acts about the work of Jesus and those of
the apostles later; and also, the same original words are used concerning
the deeds of the apostles in the ministry of Jesus, and their deeds
in Acts. Thus an impression is given that the ecclesia's witness
after the resurrection was and is a continuation of the witness
of the 12 men who walked around Galilee with Jesus. He didn't come
to start a formalized religion; as groups of believers grew, the
Holy Spirit guided them to have systems of leadership and organization,
but the essence is that we too are personally following the Lamb
of God as He walked around Galilee, hearing His words, seeing His
ways, and following afar off to Golgotha carrying His cross. Luke
concludes by recording how the Lord reminded His men that they were
" witnesses" (23:48); but throughout Acts, they repeatedly
describe themselves as witnesses to Him (Acts 1:8,22; 2:32; 3:15;
5:32; 10:39,41; 13:31; 22:15,20; 26:16). This is quite some emphasis.
This too should fill our self-perception; that we are witnesses
to the Lord out of our own personal experience of Him. They were
witnesses that Christ is on God's right hand, that He really
is a Saviour and source of forgiveness (5:32); because
they were self-evidently results of that forgiveness and that salvation.
They couldn't be 'witnesses' to those things in any legal, concrete
way; for apart from them and their very beings, there was no literal
evidence. They hadn't been to Heaven and seen Him; they had no document
that said they were forgiven. They were the witnesses in themselves.
This even went to the extent of the Acts record saying that converts
were both added to the ecclesia, and also added to Christ. He was
His ecclesia; they were, and we are, His body in this world.
Knowing the Lord Jesus as a person will excite real passion and
feeling in response. Our reactions to the tragedy of the way He
was rejected, and is rejected and mocked to this day, will be like
those of the woman who was a sinner whom Luke records in Lk. 7.
The Lord was invited to the home of a Pharisee, who clearly had
only invited Him to insult and mock Him. For the Pharisee hadn't
kissed Him, nor arranged for His feet to be washed- things which
simply have to be done to an invited guest. And so that
woman becomes passionate. She feels anger and hurt for the insult
and rejection made against Jesus. She does what Simon the Pharisee
didn't do- kissing Him, washing His feet. Having no towel to dry
His feet, she let down her hair to use as a towel- and a woman could
be divorced for letting down her hair in front of men (2). She touches
the Lord's body- something deeply despised, for the Greek and Hebrew
idea of 'touching' has sexual overtones (Gen. 20:6; Prov. 6:29;
1 Cor. 7:1), the Greek word 'to touch' also meaning 'to light a
fire'. The ointment she carried between her breasts denoted her
as a prostitute (3)- but she breaks it open and pours it on the
Lord in repentance. Her attitude was surely: 'Yeah I'm a whore,
you all know that. And yes, you're all gonna misunderstand me and
think I am just madly coming on at this Jesus. OK, misunderstand
me as you will, I don't care, I truly love Him as my Saviour, and
there, I'm pouring out my ointment, I'm through with this broadway
life, I'm repenting, in the abandon of freedom from sin I now feel,
I'm giving myself wholly to Him and His cause, mock me, be shocked
and disgusted in your middle class way all you like, but this is
for real'. And this, it seems to me, is the response of everyone
who truly comes to the Lord Jesus as a person, and feels for Him
as a real person whom we have met in a real, valid encounter. The
Lord responded to that woman by doing something which may not seem
a big deal to us, but which was radical in 1st century culture.
He criticized strongly the hospitality of His host. This just wasn't
done, and still isn't. He was angry- because despite the woman's
sincerity, they still labelled her as a 'sinner' (Lk. 7:39). He
rebuked Simon through the parable of the two debtors, who owed 500
pence and 50 pence. As that woman went away "in peace",
with her Lord passionately behind her and on her side, defending
her to the world, so we too walk away from our encounters with Him.
(1) I.H. Marshall, The
Epistles of John, Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1978, p. 128.
(2) Joachim Jeremias, The Parables Of Jesus (London: SCM,
1963) p. 126.
(3) Kenneth Bailey, Through Peasant Eyes (Grand Rapids:
Eerdmans, 1980) p. 11.