3-3-4 Job as Adam
Job 13:20-22 subtly alludes to Adam's fall:
|" Then will I [Job] not hide myself
||Adam hiding in Eden from God.
|" Withdraw Thine hand far from me: and
let not Thy dread make me afraid"
|| Adam's fear and dread as he heard
the Lord's voice walking in the garden.
|" Then call Thou, and I will answer"
|| God calling Adam and his answering
God with his confession of sin.
It would appear that Job was recognizing that he had sinned, that he
knew that the sense of spiritual limbo he was in parallelled Adam's hiding
from God in Eden, but that he would only respond to God's call and come
out of hiding to confess his sin as he knew God wanted him to, if God
withdrew His hand- i.e. relieved him of the immediate trials he was then
experiencing. Thus Job was trying to barter with God- wanting Him to withdraw
the trials in return for Job making the confession which he knew God wanted.
Another connection making Job as Adam is in Job's words of 10:9: "
Remember, I beseech Thee, that Thou hast made me as the clay; and wilt
Thou bring me into dust again?" . This
is Gen.3:19- the curse upon sinful Adam that he would return to the dust.
Job seems to be admitting that he is like Adam in that it appeared God
was going to end his life as a result of his sin- return him to the dust.
But he reasons that this is unfair, seeing he has not sinned (10:7,14,15).
Thus he oscillates between saying he has sinned and is like Adam, and
then claiming that although he is being treated like Adam this is unfair.
Similarly Job complains " He breaketh me...without cause" (9:17);
" breaketh" is the same word translated " bruise"
in Gen.3:15, thus implying that he is receiving the result of the covenant
in Eden for no reason. Jesus must have been sorely tempted to adopt the
same false reasoning of his great type. The references earlier in Job
9 to God spreading out the Heavens and creating the stars show Job's mind
at this time was set early in Genesis (v.8-10). Job 27:2-4 again associates
Job's likening of himself to Adam with his false blaming of God for wrongly
dealing with him: " God...who hath taken away my judgement; and the
Almighty, who hath made my soul bitter (AVmg.); all the while my breath
is in me, and the Spirit of God is in my nostrils" . This is obviously
referring to the record of God's creation of Adam in Gen.2:7. In 31:33
Job denies that he is like Adam in that unlike him, he has no sin to hide:
" If I covered my transgressions as Adam, by hiding mine iniquity..."
. And yet like Adam he was humiliated by God's questioning at the end
of the book.
However, in his humbler moments Job recognized that he was a sinner and
deserved Adam's punishment: " Thou changest his (man's) countenance,
and sendeth him away" (14:20)- referring to Adam being sent out of
Eden, or also to Cain's countenance falling and then being sent away from
God. Job recognized that there would come a time when " My change
come (when) Thou shalt call, and I will answer Thee: (I know) Thou wilt
have a desire to the work of Thine hands" (when I respond to Your
call to confess my sin)- 14:14,15. It would appear from this that Job
feels that there will be a call to resurrection corresponding to God's
call of Adam out of hiding (v.13 " Oh that Thou wouldest hide me
in the grave" ), after which he would confess his sins- i.e. at the
judgement. God's calling to Job out of the whirlwind and Job's subsequent
confession at the end of the book again encourages us to see " the
end of the Lord" with Job as pointing forward to our justification
at the day of judgement and the Kingdom.
James 5:8 cp. v.11 seems to connect " the coming of the Lord"
and " the end of the Lord" with Job in Job 42. The fact that
the Lord was " very pitiful, and of tender mercy" with Job thus
reminds us of how He will be in our day of judgement. The friends ridiculed
Job's evident comparison of himself with Adam: " Art thou
(the emphasis is on that phrase) the first man (Adam; 1 Cor.15:45 alludes
here) that was born?" (15:7).