11-3-3 Zechariah Chapters 5- 14
Zechariah Chapter 5
This seems to be almost in parenthesis, concerning the sins
of Israel and ultimately the evils of Judaism and false religion.
Zechariah Chapter 6
Chapter 3 depicts the Angels of Joshua and the satan Angel standing
before the mighty Angel called "the Lord of the whole earth" in
4:14. Chapter 4 shows this same Angel similarly flanked by two olive
trees. Chapter 6 has the same "Lord of all the earth" Angel (6:5)
flanked by two brass mountains (v. 5 cp. v. 1), with four chariots
full of horses being sent out from Him.
'Chariots' and the 'cherubim' are linguistically connected, and
thus also connected in Biblical usage- e. g. "He rode upon a cherub
(chariot)" (Ps. 18:10). The number four has links with the Angel
cherubim; John Thomas (2) interprets these "four (chariot)
spirits of the Heavens" (6:5) as the same as the four faces of the
cherubim. The whole vision is full of Angelic language. "The chariots
of God are. . . thousands of Angels" (Ps. 68:17); God makes His
Angels spirits (Ps. 104:4). We have mentioned previously that the
horses within the chariots also represent Angels (Chapter 3), under
the control of the four mighty cherubim Angels. This is similar
to Ps. 68:17 describing God's chariots as being full of Angels.
v. 6 "The black horses which are therein go forth into the north
country; and the white go forth after them". "The north country"
must be Babylon (2:6; Jer. 1:13,14 etc. )- those Angels went to
minister to the Jews there and to enable the hearts of the Persian
rulers to continue to support the work of rebuilding (or is this
looking back to the judgements on Babylon in preparation for Cyrus'
decree concerning the restoration?). Another group of Angels went
toward the South- i. e. the land of Judah (Ez. 20:46,47).
v. 7 "The bay went forth, and sought to go that they might walk
to and fro through the earth: and He (the Angel) said, Get you
hence, walk to and fro through the earth. So they walked to and
fro through the earth". The "earth" here is probably 'the land'
of Israel- which would have included Babylon,
at its proper extent from 'sea to sea'. These Angels, the same
as those who originally surveyed the whole area by walking "to
and fro through the earth"" in 1:10,11, "sought" permission from
the co-ordinating Angel to continue their work.
v. 8 "These (two groups of Angels) that go toward the north country
(Babylon) have quieted My spirit (Angel) in the north country".
The Spirit-Angel that needed quietening in Babylon was perhaps
the satan-Angel that was resisting the Angel seeking to further
the rebuilding work. He would have gone (literally?) to Babylon
to give the "prince of Persia" the idea of banning the rebuilding.
The two Angels that quietened Him were those of Dan. 10:12,13-
the Joshua-Angel of Zech. 3:1, and Michael who "came to help Me"
(Gabriel) in Dan. 10:13. Alternatively, note that Dan. 9:21 describes
Gabriel being "caused to fly with weariness"- thus it may have
been Gabriel who was 'quieted' or 'given rest' (AVmg. ) in Zech.
6:8, implying He was in Babylon trying to enable the rebuilding
but needed the support of the other two Angels.
Zechariah Chapter 7
Notice the frequent references to "the Lord of Hosts"
and the Angel returning to His house- where He had dwelt in the
Zechariah Chapter 8
v. 2 "Thus saith the Lord of Hosts (Angels); I was jealous (zealous)
for Zion (the temple) with great jealousy, and I was jealous for
her with great fury". The Angel's tremendous zeal for the
restoration comes bubbling through. No wonder the Kingdom prophecies
of Isaiah, Ezekiel and Zechariah could have been fulfilled if
only the people had worked together with the Angels to their
v. 3 "I am returned unto Zion, and will dwell in the midst of
Jerusalem". The physical movement of the Angel back to Jerusalem.
v. 4 "Thus saith the Lord of Hosts (Angels): there shall yet
old men and old women dwell in the midst of Jerusalem, and every
man with his staff in his hand for very age". The Angel, v. 3,
was to dwell in the midst of Jerusalem, i. e. in the temple.
Here in v. 4, old men and women were to do so- showing the Angel's
close identification with his charges, such as Anna the prophetess
who "departed not from the temple" at the time of Christ. As a
result of the Angelic work in restoring Jerusalem, the old people
who could remember the temple in its former glory when they
were taken captive 70 years previously would return to Jerusalem
v. 6 "If it be marvellous in the eyes of the remnant of this
people in these days, should it also be marvellous in Mine
eyes (Angels)? saith the Lord of Hosts". The Angel is saying 'Because
you find it hard to believe what I can really do for you, I might
not do it in reality; but don't think My Angels (eyes) can't actually
do it if they want to!'.
Zechariah Chapter 9
v. 14 "The Lord shall be over them"- as the Angels went over
David beyond the mulberry trees (2 Sam. 5:24) and as the Angel
in the cloud was over Israel in the wilderness. "His arrow shall
go forth as lightning"- Angel cherubim language. He "shall go
with whirlwinds of the South"- the group of Angels sent into "the
south" (i. e. Judah) in Zech. 6:6.
v. 16 "The Lord their God shall save them in that day as the
flock of His people"- the Angel is elsewhere styled a shepherd
(Is. 63:9-11; Ps. 80:1). "The lord of Hosts (Angels) hath
visited His flock the house of Judah" (10:3). Similarly, Israel
"went their way as a flock, they were troubled because there was
no shepherd" (10:2)- i. e. the Angel was not with them.
Zechariah Chapter 10
v. 10 "I will bring them again also out of the land of Egypt,
and gather them out of Assyria" (Babylon- they are frequently
used interchangeably). Notice the word "again"- as the Angel brought
Israel out of Egypt the first time, so He would do it again in
Zechariah Chapter 11
Earlier it was suggested that the "I" referred to in this chapter
is concerning the Angel, as it was an Angel who broke the covenant
with Israel, as described in Zech. 11:10.
Zechariah Chapter 12
v. 4 "In that day. . . I will open Mine eyes (Angels) upon the
house of Judah"- cp. Michael 'standing up' for Israel in the last
days (Dan. 12:1).
v. 5 This shows how Angels will be very much in evidence on earth
at the time of Jerusalem's surrounding by armies and Armageddon:
"The inhabitants of Jerusalem shall be my strength in the Lord
of Hosts (Angels) their God". Who this 'God' refers to is defined
in v. 8: "He that is feeble amongst them (the "inhabitants of
Jerusalem") at that day shall be as David, and the house of David
shall be as God, as the Angel of the Lord (which will go) before
them". This implies that the inhabitants of Jerusalem will have
the same power as the hosts of Angels which will have been seen
fighting "before them". Thus the Jews will "walk up and down in
His Name" (Zech. 10:12) as the Angels are now said to do (Zech.
1:11; Job 1:7).
Zechariah Chapter 13
v. 7 "Awake O sword ,against My shepherd. . . smite the shepherd,
and the sheep shall be scattered". The shepherd here clearly refers
to Jesus, but the shepherd elsewhere in Zechariah refers to the
Angel- another proof that there was one specific Angel in the
Old Testament that foreshadowed Jesus.